A Wyoming Department of
Health official says increased cases of measles
in some areas of the United States show why
vaccination is important, but extra vaccine
doses or boosters for Wyoming residents are
There has not been a reported case of measles
in Wyoming since 2010. However, more
than 700 measles cases, the most since 1994,
have been confirmed across the country this
year by the federal Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. The majority involved unvaccinated
“Measles should be taken seriously, because
it can sometimes lead to pneumonia, swelling
of the brain known as encephalitis and death,”
said Dr. Alexia Harrist, WDH state health officer
and state epidemiologist.
“We are concerned about the growth in
measles cases across the country, but believe
no new or extra actions are needed in Wyoming
at this point. We want people to follow
the vaccination recommendations that are already
in place,” Harrist said.
Harrist said measles begins in most people
with fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes and
sore throat, followed by a rash that spreads
over the body.
“Measles is extremely contagious and easily
spreads to others through coughing and sneezing,”
Harrist said. “It is important to be up to
date on vaccinations because anyone who is
not protected against measles, including children
too young to be vaccinated, could become
infected with a serious disease.”
Experts recommend a safe and effective
vaccine that provides protection against three
diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella. Children
should get one dose at 12 through 15
months old and then another at age 4 through
There are also specific recommendations
for international travel:
• Infants 6 to 11 months old need one dose
of measles vaccine.
• Children 12 months and older need two
doses separated by at least 28 days.
• Teenagers and adults who do not have evidence
of immunity against measles should get
two doses separated by at least 28 days.
Evidence of immunity, or protection from
measles, for adults involves:
• Written proof of one or more doses of a
measles-containing vaccine for adults not at
high risk or two doses for those at high risk.
• Birth before 1957.
• Laboratory evidence of immunity.
• Laboratory confirmation of measles.
Adults who do not have evidence of immunity
and who were born after 1957 should
consider getting at least one dose of MMR vaccine.
Adults at increased risk include college
students, healthcare workers and international
More information about measles is available
from the CDC athttps://www.cdc.gov/measles/